What’s the most dangerous creature on earth? Without question the answer is The Mosquito.
Mosquitoes and the diseases they spread have been responsible for killing more people than all the wars in history. There are over 175 species in the U.S. and the most common, and most dangerous, are the various species in the Culex, Anopheles, and Aedes genera.
Aedes is a genus of mosquito originally found in tropical and subtropical zones, but now found on all continents excluding Antarctica. The genus contains over 700 species; the most medically significant of them being Aedes vexans, Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti. Aedes species typically bite at dawn and dusk.
Culex mosquitoes are painful and persistent biters. They prefer to attack at dusk and after dark, and readily enter dwellings for blood meals. They are generally weak fliers and do not move far from home.
The Anopheles mosquito is known universally as the Malaria Mosquito because it is considered the primary vector of the disease. However, of the approximately 430 Anopheles species, only 30-40 transmit malaria and many of them have become resistant to insecticides through years of pesticide use. It is also considered a transmitter of heart worm in dogs. Anopheles home-in on human body odors; from the carbon dioxide in our breath to the ammonia in our sweaty feet
Ochlerotatus mosquitoes are among the first groups of mosquitoes to appear each season. They are painful and persistent biters, attacking during daylight hours (not at night). They do not enter dwellings, and they prefer to bite mammals like humans. Ochlerotatus mosquitoes are strong fliers and are known to fly many miles from their breeding sources.
Culiseta mosquitoes are moderately aggressive biters, attacking in the evening hours or in shade during the day. In summer, the most common breeding area for these mosquitoes is backyard fishponds.
A genus of large, mostly yellow, viciously biting, fresh-water mosquitoes.
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